STUDIES IN GLOBALISATION
In order to undertake studies on issues relating to globalisation, V. K. R. V. Rao Centre for Studies in Globalisation was inaugurated by Dr. Manmohan Singh, President, Institute of Economic Growth Society and Minister of Finance, Government of India on November 11, 1993. It was established with an endowment fund granted by the Ford Foundation. Professor N. S. Siddharthan has been heading the centre since its inception. The Centre has established an impressive record in terms of publications, organising international conferences and networking with other academic institutions. Since its inception, the IEG faculty have published four books and more than 50 research papers (relating to studies in globalisation, liberalisation, MNEs, technology and trade) in journals such as The Journal of Development Studies, World Development, Journal of Development Economics, Developing Economies, Applied Economics, Applied Economic Letters, The Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, International Business Review, Journal of Business Venturing, Transnational Corporations, World Competition, Research Policy, The Information Society, Information Economics and Policy, Science Technology & Development, Indian Economic Review, and Economic and Political Weekly.
CURRENT RESEARCH PROJECTS
Information Technology (IT) Software and Hardware
Role of Knowledge Sharing in the Globalisation of Indian Enterprises
COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH Since 1994, the centre has been conducting collaborative research with the following institutions: Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA. Institute of Developing Economies, Tokyo, Japan; Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands; United Nations University INTECH, Maastricht, The Netherlands; University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
* Research Collaboration with Georgetown University, 1998- "Agreement for Academic Research and Co-operation" was signed by Professor Christopher Puto, Dean, School of Business, Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA and Professor Pravin Visaria, Director IEG, on September 4, 1998. Under this programme, Georgetown University "gift subscribed" two international journals to IEG library for a period of five years. They also funded IEG scholars' participation in several international conferences organised in the US. This joint research programme has resulted in the publication of several research papers.
Currently the Centre is jointly working with Georgetown University on the following themes:
Foreign Direct Investments
This programme is undertaken jointly with the Erasmus University Rotterdam. This programme has resulted in the publication of book on Globalisation and Indian Small Scale Industries. This study is based on the primary survey of about 200 small-scale industrial units in and around Delhi, Agra and Khurja. The study covers three urban industries - auto components, electronics and garments, as well as, three rural industries - leather, marble and pottery/ceramics. Under this programme research workshops were organised at the Erasmus University Rotterdam and at IEG. The study is complete and a seminar was organised at IEG on December 8, 2000 to discuss the findings. The findings of the study were also discussed at a seminar organised by TIFAC on December 7, 2000. Representatives from the Ministry of Science and Technology, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, CSIR, Indian Institute of Technology, and small scale industrialists participated in the seminar.
* Research Collaboration with United Nations University INTECH, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 1995-
"General Agreement of Co-operation" between the United Nations University and IEG was signed on September 23, 1994 at IEG, by Professor Charles Cooper, Director, The United Nations University, Institute for New Technology (UNU-INTECH), Maastricht and Professor S. N. Mishra, Director, IEG in the presence of Professor A. M. Khusro, Chairman, IEG.
This programme has so far resulted in the organisation of two international conferences, a book, and exchange of Ph.D. scholars.
* Japan - India Institutional Linkage Programme on "International Economics and Development", 1994 - 1998
A Memorandum of Understanding was signed by IEG and IDE, Tokyo. Under this programme the Centre organised three international conferences, resulting in several publications. Furthermore, two international training programmes for young Asian Economists were also organised.
* Canada - India Institutions linkage programme on "Trade, Innovation and Industrial Performance", 1993-1995.
In 1993, four Canadian and Indian institutions were linked to conduct applied research under the Canada - India International Linkage Programme funded by the Canadian International Development Agency and managed by the Conference Board of Canada. The programme linked the following four institutions: Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi; Centre for International Studies, University of Toronto, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad; and Centre for Trade Policy and Law, Carleton University, Ottawa. The scholars from these four institutions were responsible for developing a joint project on Trade, Innovation, and Industrial Performance. The project succeeded in producing 11 research papers and a book published by the Carleton University Press, Ottawa.
Throughout the implementation of the project, the participating institutions worked closely together. They not only jointly developed the research proposal, but also conducted joint research and held two workshops, one on June 28, 1994 in Toronto, Canada, and the other on February 19-20, 1995, in Delhi, India.
CONFERENCES AND SEMINARS ORGANISED BY THE CENTRE
IMPACT OF GLOBALISATION ON INDIAN INDUSTRY: PRODUCTIVITY, EFFICIENCY AND GROWTH
A national seminar on the theme was organised on September 5, 2003 at IEG. In all six papers were presented.
Deb Kusum Das: Manufacturing Productivity Under Varying Trade Regimes: India in the1980s and 1990s.
Banga: Differential Impact of Japanese and U.S. Foreign Direct Investments
on Productivity Growth: A Firm Level Analysis. Saon
Ray: MNEs, Strategic Alliances and Efficiency of Firms: Emerging Trends
in the Liberalization Era.
The participants included scholars from IIT Bombay, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi School of Economics and media persons.
LIBERALISATION AND INDUSTRIAL PERFORMANCE IN INDIA A Seminar on the theme was organised at IEG on December 5, 2001.
The following four papers were presented:
S. Siddharthan and K. Lal: Liberalisation and growth of firms in India.
The Seminar was chaired by Professor K. L. Krishna and attended by several scholars from the Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi School of Economics and media persons.
INDO-DUTCH PROGRAMME ON ALTERNATIVES IN DEVELOPMENT
Dissemination Seminars on "Technological Change in the Indian Small-scale Industries"
A seminar was organised by Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC) at its premises on December 7, 2000, to discuss the research findings of the IEG-Erasmus University Rotterdam joint project on "Technological change in the Indian small-scale industries". The seminar was attended by the heads/advisors of various technology organizations such as Technology Development Board (TDB), National Research Development Corporation (NRDC), Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Technology Bureau for Small Enterprises (TBSE), and the representatives of industry associations such as Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), Federation of Association of Small Industries (FASI) and All India Plastic Industries Association and NGOs like Society for Development Alternatives. In addition, Faculty members from Indian Institute of Technology (Delhi) and 10 entrepreneurs who are actually involved in technology innovation were also present and actively participated in the discussions.
Second seminar was held at the Institute of Economic Growth on December 8, 2000, where several experts in the area of economics, management and technology were present. In particular Professor K. L. Krishna of the Delhi School of Economics and Professor Charan Wadhwa of the Centre for Policy Research acted as discussants and made several helpful comments and suggestions.
In addition to presenting the findings of the study to the academic peer groups and government and policy circles, the results were also discussed with the owners of the industrial units of the Leather industry, Agra and the owners of the pottery units of Khurja. These workshops were organised with the help of the local industrial associations on December 11 and 12. The interaction with the owners of the small-scale units was quite a fruitful experience. The study was widely appreciated by all sections of the audience.
WTO, Technology Transfer and Globalisation of Firms
A two day Seminar on WTO, TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND GLOBALISATION OF FIRMS was organised on March 25-26, 1999. In all twelve papers were presented on topics relating to local content programmes and sourcing strategies by multinational enterprises; multilateral agreement on foreign direct investment; trade in financial services; national system of innovations and exports; technical efficiency, globalisation and exports; changing export orientation; and technology transfer, use of new technologies and exports. IEG scholars presented six papers and the rest were presented by invited scholars from Europe and the US. The discussants included scholars for IIM Ahmadabad and Bangalore, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi School of Economics, Indian Statistical Institute, World Bank, and IEG.
Seminar on International Economics and Development: Asian Experience
A two day seminar was organised jointly by the Institute of Economic Growth (IEG) and the Institute of Developing Economies (IDE), Tokyo, at IEG on March 16 and 17, 1998 to discuss the research findings of the three year programme on INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT: ASIAN EXPERIENCE funded by the Ford Foundation. Twelve papers were presented in the seminar covering economic reforms, multinationals, technology transfer, trade, environment, and agricultural policy. The seminar was attended by several scholars from Japan, East and South Asian countries.
Further, to disseminate the research findings to leaders of industry and policy makers a seminar on "The current Asian experience" was organised jointly with the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) in the FICCI seminar room on March 18, 1998. It was chaired by the President of FICCI. Besides leaders of industry and trade, there were several participants from the Indian foreign service including former secretaries of external affairs and former ambassadors to East Asian countries and Japan.
Workshop on International Economics and Economic Development
The workshop on "International Economics and Economic Development" was organised by the Centre, at the Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi on March 29, 1996. In all six papers were presented covering the following themes: Determinants of Successful Government Intervention, Government and Environment Management, Official Development Assistance, Foreign Direct Investments, Technology transfer, and Foreign Portfolio Investments.
Workshop on Future Directions for Indian Economy: Technology Trade and Industry
This two day workshop (January 19-20, 1996), was organised jointly by the Institute of Economic Growth, and the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, at Bangalore. In addition to Indian scholars, Scholars from the USA, Canada, UK, Italy, The Netherlands, Switzerland and Germany participated in the Workshop. The workshop provided an unique opportunity for Scientists, Technologists, Economists, Industrialists and policy makers to interact and exchange views trade and technology policy and discuss possible future directions in trade and technology. In all thirteen technical papers were presented. The papers covered the following four themes: (1) Technology and Trade; (2) Technology Development: Driving Forces and Impediments: (3) Multinational Enterprises and Foreign Direct Investments; and (4) University - R&D Laboratory - Industry Linkages. In addition to the technical Sessions, there was an Inaugural Address by R.A.Mashelkar, Director General of CSIR, a special lecture on Technology and Trade Theory by Edward Safarian of Toronto University, and a Valedictory Address by N. Vittal, Secretary, Department of Electronics, Government of India. The proceeding of the workshop was extensively covered by news papers.
Seminar on Technology and Globalisation
This seminar was jointly organised by the V.K.R.V.Rao Centre for Studies in Globalisation, Institute of Economic Growth, and the Institute for New Technologies, The United Nations University, Maastricht, The Netherlands, at the Institute of Economic Growth on April 3, 1995. In all eight papers were presented, four each by the Institute of Economic Growth and the United Nations University.
Workshop on Trade, Innovation and Industrial Performance
This was a two day workshop (February 19-20, 1995), organised under the Canada-India Institutional Linkage Programme of the Institute of Economic Growth. In addition to the Institute of Economic Growth's faculty, scholars from Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Centre for International Studies, University of Toronto, and Centre for Trade Policy and Law, Carleton University, Ottawa, presented papers. Four papers were presented by the Institute of Economic Growth. These related to technology transfer, technology and productivity, and technology and growth of capital stock. Two of the four papers were jointly with scholars from the Centre for International studies, University of Toronto. Three papers were presented by the Centre for Trade Policy and Law, Carleton University, Ottawa. They dealt with issues relating to shifts in trade structure between Canada and India, and the relationship between trade and economic growth. Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad presented case studies of three industries. They related to the impact of government policies on the international competitiveness of Indian industries.
Seminar on Technology Transfer, Trade and Industrial Performance
This seminar was organised on September 30, 1994. In all seven papers were presented by the Institute of Economic Growth faculty. They dealt with diverse problems related to the above themes, namely, technology transfer, technology and investment, Japanese direct investment in India, technology and productivity, foreign direct investments, liberalisation and technology imports, and export behaviour of small enterprises.
The Centre also organised two international training programmes for young Asian Economies:
TRAINING PROGRAMME FOR YOUNG ASIAN ECONOMISTS
The Centre has been co-ordinating the three year research and teaching programme on "International economics and development" funded by the Ford Foundation. As part of this programme during 1996 -97 two training programmes for young Asian economists were conducted by the Centre on INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT at the Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi. Both the programmes were jointly organised by the Institute of Economic Growth and the Institute of Developing Economies, Tokyo.
The First two week training programme for young Asian economists on international economics and development was organised from October 7 - 18, 1996 at IEG. In all sixteen young economists participated as trainees. The trainee participants came from China, Bangladesh, Malaysia and India. The faculty was from both Japan and India.
The Second training programme was from March 10 - 21, 1997. In the Second programme in all seventeen young Asian economists from six countries participated as trainees. They came from Philippines, Bangladesh, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and India.
* Globalisation and Indian Small Scale Industries: Technology and Competitiveness, Ane Books India, New Delhi, 2006, (T. A. Bhavani).
* Indian Economy and Society in the Era of Globalisation and Liberalisation: Essays in Honour of Prof A. M. Khusro, Academic Foundation, New Delhi, 2005, 1-439. (C. H. Hanumantha Rao, B. B. Bhattacharya and N. S. Siddharthan, Eds).
* Global Business, Technology and Knowledge Sharing: Lessons for Developing Country Enterprises, Macmillan, 2002, New Delhi , i-xvii, 1-217.. (N. S. Siddharthan and Y. S. Rajan)
* Adoption of Information Technology and its Consequences in a Development Context, Erasmus University Rotterdam., Rotterdam, 2000, i-xv, 1-203, (K. Lal)
* Technology, Market Structure and Internationalisation, Routledge, 1997, New York and London, (Nagesh Kumar and N.S.Siddharthan)
* Future Directions for Indian Economy: Technology, Trade and Industry, 1996, Indian Institute of Science, New Age International Publishers, Bangalore, i-vii, 1-238, (Krishna Murthy, N. S. Siddharthan and B. S. Sonde. Ed)
* “The changing role of technological factors in explaining efficiency in Indian firms”, Journal of Developing Areas, (Saon Ray) (Forthcoming).
* “Foreign Direct Investment and Location Advantages: Japanese Perceptions of India Compared to China and ASEAN”, Journal of International and Area Studies, (N. S. Siddharthan and M. L. Lakhera (2005), 12(1), 99-110.
* “International growth by networking but not M&A: the counter example of the Indian software industry”, in Michael A. Trick (ed) Global Corporate Evolution: Looking Inward or Looking Outward?, International Management Series, Volume 4, Carnegie Mellon University Press, Pittsburgh (2004), 53-60. (N. S. Siddharthan and Stanley D. Nollen).
* "MNE affiliation, firm size and exports revisited: A study of information technology firms in India", The Journal of Development Studies, UK, 2004, 40 (6), 146-168., (N. S. Siddharthan and Stanley Nollen).
* "E-business and Export Behavior: Evidence from Indian Firms", World Development, 2004, 32(3), 505-517, (K. Lal)
* "Interest Rates and Investment in East Asia: An Empirical Evaluation of Various Financial Liberalization Hypotheses", the Journal of Development Studies: UK., 2004, 40(3), 142-173, (Pradeep Agrawal).
* "Economic Impact of Foreign Direct Investment in South Asia". Forthcoming as Chapter 6 in India and the Multilateral Trading System, edited by Aditya Mattoo (World Bank) and Robert M. Stern (Univ. of Michigan): World Bank and Oxford University Press. (Pradeep Agrawal).
* "MMEs and Market Valuation of Firms: A Cross-Sectional Study of the Indian Electrical and Electronic Goods Manufacturing Firms", Applied Economics, Routledge, Oxford, April 2003, 35, 675-681. (B. L. Pandit and N. S. Siddharthan).
* "E-business and manufacturing sector: a study of small and medium-sized enterprises in India", Research Policy, (Elsevier), 31(7), 2002, 1199-1211, (K. Lal).
* "Why Firms Grow by Foreign Direct Investment: The Role of Mergers and Acquisitions," in Growing the International Firm: Success in Mergers, Acquisitions, Networks, and Alliances (Edited by Michael A. Trick). Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University Press. 2002, 83-99. (Thomas L. Brewer; Stanley D. Nollen, & N. S. Siddharthan.)
* "International Joint Venture, Licensing and Buy-out under Asymmetric Information", Journal of Development Economics, (Elsevier), 66, 2001, 127-151. (Uday Bhanu Sinha)
* "Institutional environment and the development of information and communication technology in India", The Information Society, 17, 2001, 1-13. (K. Lal).
* "Determinants of firm-level export performance: A case study of Indian textile garments and apparel industry", The Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, 10(1), 2001, 65-92. (T. A. Bhavani and Suresh D. Tendulkar).
* "Determinants of the adoption of information technology: A case study of Indian garments industry", in Matti Pohjola (ed), Information Technology, Productivity, and Economic Growth, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. 2001, 149-172, (K. Lal).
* "De-Regulation, Technology Imports And In-House R&D Efforts : An Analysis Of The Indian Experience", Research Policy, Elsevier Science, 2000, 29(9), 1081-93 , (Aradhna Aggarwal)
* "Determinants of the Adoption of Information Technology: A Case Study of Electrical and Electronic Goods Manufacturing Firms in India", Research Policy, Elsevier Science, 1999, 28(7), 667-80, (K. Lal)
* "Financial liberalisation and economic development in China" China Report, 35(1), 1999, 27-40, (R. N. Agarwal)
* "Liberalisation and Investment: Behaviour of MNEs and Large Corporate Firms in India", International Business Review, Elsevier Science, Vol. 7(5), December 1998, 535-548, (N. S. Siddharthan and B. L. Pandit).
* "Technology Acquisition, De-regulation and Competitiveness: A Study of Indian Automobile Industry", Research Policy, Elsevier Science, 1998, 27(2), 215-228, (K. Narayanan)
* "The adoption of Information Technology and its Consequences :A Case Study of Indian TV Manufacturing Firms", Science Technology & Development, Frank Cass, London, 1998, Vol. 16 (1), 81-100, (K. Lal).
* "Technological Acquisition and Investment: Lessons from Recent Indian Experience", Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier Science; 1998, 13 (1), 43-55, (B.L.Pandit and N.S.Siddharthan)
* "Liberalization, internationalization advantages and foreign direct investment: the Indian experience in the 1980s", Transnational Corporations, 1997, Vol. 6 (3), 33-55, December (Aradhna Aggarwal)
* "Foreign portfolio investments in some developing countries: A study of determinants and macroeconomic impact" Indian Economic Review, 1997, 32(2), 217-229, (R. N. Agarwal)
* "TNCs, technology transfer and import of capital goods: Recent Indian experience", Transnational Corporations. April 1997, Vol. 6(1), 31 - 49. (N.S.Siddharthan and A.E.Safarian).
* "Incidence of Tariff: The Case of India, 1982-93", Applied Economic Letters, 1997, Vol.4, 583-586. (Biswanath Goldar and Hasheem N. Saleem)
* "Information Technology, International Orientation and Performance: A Case Study of Electrical & Electronic Goods Manufacturing Firms in India", Information Economics and Policy, (North-Holland), September 1996, Vol. 8(3), 269-280.(K.Lal)
* "Introducing the Product Patents in the Indian Pharmaceutical Sector: Implications for Prices and Welfare", World Competition, December 1996, Vol. 20, No.2, 5-21. (Jayashree Watal)
* "Technology, Firm Size and Export Behaviour in Developing Countries: The Case of Indian Enterprises", The Journal of Development Studies, December 1994, Volume 31(2), 289 - 309. (Nagesh Kumar and N.S.Siddharthan).
* "Growth and Profit Behaviour of Large Indian Firms", The Developing Economies, Journal of the Institute of Developing Economies, Tokyo, June 1994, Vol.32(2), 188 - 209 (N.S.Siddharthan, B.L.Pandit and R.N.Agarwal).
Special Issue of the Economic and Political Weekly: Productivity, Efficiency and Growth After Liberalisation
* "Globalisation: Productivity, Efficiency and Growth - An Overview", Economic and Political Weekly, Review of Industry and Management, January 31, 2004, Vol. 39(5), 420-422, (N. S. Siddharthan).
* "Manufacturing Productivity Under Varying Trade Regimes, 1980 - 2000", Economic and Political Weekly, Review of Industry and Management, January 31, 2004, Vol. 39(5), 423-433, Deb Kusum Das
* "MNEs, Strategic Alliances and Efficiency of Firms: Emerging Trends", Economic and Political Weekly, Review of Industry and Management, January 31, 2004, Vol. 39(5), 434-440, (Saon Ray).
* "Ownership and Efficiency in Engineering Firms: 1990-91 to 1999-2000", Economic and Political Weekly, Review of Industry and Management, January 31, 2004, Vol. 39(5), 441-447, (B. Goldar, V.S. Renganathan and Rashmi Banga)
* "Liberalisation, MNE and Productivity of Indian Enterprises", Economic and Political Weekly, Review of Industry and Management, January 31, 2004, Vol. 39(5), 448-452, (N. S. Siddharthan and K. Lal).
* "Impact of Japanese and U.S. FDI on Productivity Growth: A Firm Level Analysis", Economic and Political Weekly, Review of Industry and Management, January 31, 2004, Vol. 39(5), 453-460, (Rashmi Banga).
* "Technology Acquisition And Growth Of Firms: Indian Automobile Sector Under Changing Policy Regimes", Economic and Political Weekly, Review of Industry and Management, January 31, 2004, Vol. 39(5), 461-470, (K. Narayanan).
Special Issue of the Economic and Political Weekly on IEG - IDE Project
Under the IEG- IDE Programme funded by the Ford Foundation, in addition to studies on other themes, five studies were completed on the theme "FDI, Multinationals and Trade",. These were published in the Economic and Political Weekly's special issue on Review of Industry and Management with an introduction by Professor N. S. Siddharthan and Professor S. Hirashima.
* "Foreign direct investments in Asia", Economic and Political Weekly, Review of Industry and Management, May 29, 1999, Vol. 34 (22), M51-M60, (Biswanath Goldar and Etsuro Ishigami).
* "European and Japanese affiliates in India: Differences in conduct and performance", Economic and Political Weekly, Review of Industry and Management, May 29, 1999, Vol. 34 (22), M61-M65, (N. S. Siddharthan).
* "Japanese business activity in Thailand: Presence and Performance" Economic and Political Weekly, Review of Industry and Management, May 29, 1999, Vol. 34 (22), M66-71. (Johzen Takeuchi).
* "Foreign direct investment and pattern of trade: Malaysian experience", Economic and Political Weekly, Review of Industry and Management, May 29, 1999, Vol. 34 (22), M72-M77. (Barnard Tai Khiun Mien)
* "Economic development and technology accumulation: Experience of South Korea". Economic and Political Weekly, Review of Industry and Management, May 29, 1999, Vol. 34 (22), M78-84, (Tamio Hattori).
* "Liberalisation And Growth Of Firms In India", Economic and Political Weekly, May 17, 2003, Vol. 38(20), 1983-1988. (N. S. Siddharthan and K. Lal).
* "Globalisation and the Union Budget: Urgent Need for Institutional Reforms" Economic and Political Weekly, March 17, 2001, Vol.36(11), 889-892. (N. S. Siddharthan).
* "Agriculture in India and Pakistan, 1900-95: Productivity and crop mix", Economic and Political Weekly, December 25, 1999, Vol. 34 (52), A160 - A168. (Takashi Kurosaki).
* "WTO and the Globalisation of Enterprises" , Economic and Political Weekly, May 22, 1999, Vol. 34 (21), 1287-1291, (N. S. Siddharthan).
* "Technology transfer and import of capital goods: Recent Indian experience", in Trade, Innovation and Industrial Performance: India - Canada Linkages, Ed. S. Magun, Carleton University, Ottawa, 1977, 33- 43, (N.S.Siddharthan and A.E.Safarian).
* "Technology transfer between Canada and India", in Trade, Innovation and Industrial Performance: India - Canada Linkages, Ed. S. Magun, Carleton University, Ottawa, 1977, 1- 14, (N.S.Siddharthan and A.E.Safarian).
"Approach to science and technology plan" Economic and Political
weekly, Vol.32, February 22, 1997, 401-402, (N.S.Siddharthan)
* "Future Directions for Indian Economy: Technology, Trade and Industry", in Future Directions for Indian Economy [M.V.Krishna Murthy, N.S.Siddharthan and B.S.Sonde (Eds)], New Age International Publishers, New Delhi, Bangalore, London and Bangkok, 1996 (N.S.Siddharthan)
* "Technology transfer and development: The Indian experience", in Technology Transfer and Development, Japan-ASEAN Forum IV, The United Nations University, Tokyo, 1995, 215-234.(N.S.Siddharthan)
* "Technology creation and technology transfer: Issues and policy options, MDI Management Journal, July 1994, 21-33 (N.S.Siddharthan).
* "Protection of Intellectual property Rights: Implications for the Third World", in Intellectual Property Rights, (ed), K.R.G.Nair and Ashok Kumar, Allied Publishers, New Delhi, 1994. (N.S.Siddharthan)
Professor B.N.Goldar (on lien)