Gender Barriers, Structural Transformation and Economic Development
Gaurav ChiplunkarUniversity of Virginia
This paper studies the role of gender in the process of structural transformation and economic development. We use nationally representative data across multiple countries and over four decades (1970-2010) to document gender differences in employment and wages across both occupations and sectors. Despite a significant closing of these gender differences over time and across countries, they continue to persist even today. We develop and estimate a general equilibrium model to quantify these gender barriers after accounting for standard economic channels (such as comparative advantage, returns to ability, sorting, etc.). We find that around a third of closing of these gender gaps can be explained by a reduction in the gender barriers.
(Joint with Tatjana Kleineberg)