Tuesday, February 7
Fri
Jan
13

Technological Changes, Social Norms and Fertility Choices

Speakers:

Sounak ThakurIIT-Kanpur

 
13
January,
2023
03:30 PM to 05:00 PM (IST)

Abstract

We study the impact of a dramatic improvement in agricultural technology (also known as the Green Revolution) on sex ratio in rural India — a setting characterized by patrilocal marriage. Since married daughters do not make substantial material contributions to their natal families, a higher wage rate translates into an increase in the returns to having a son vis-à-vis a daughter. Our empirical estimates suggest adoption of the new technology exacerbates male-biased fertility stopping behaviours. To shed light on mechanisms, we construct a life-cycle model featuring endogenous sequential fertility choices in a patrilocal setting. Quantitative results suggest that Green Revolution can account for about 55% of the increase in male-bias in the Indian population. Counterfactual exercises indicate that formal pension schemes may play an important role in reducing the male-bias in population sex ratio.

(jointly with Helu Jiang, Nikita Sangwan)

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Date & Time

13-01-2023
03:30 PM
to 05:00 PM (IST)

Location

IEG

Venue

AM Khusro Room

Event Type

IEG Seminar

Event Category

Past event

Speaker(s)

Sounak Thakur

IIT-Kanpur

Moderator(s)

Oindrila De

Assistant Professor